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Dispersal: Spread by seeds and suckers, principally by seed or plants moved in flood waters.
Medicinal UsesAstringent; Bitter. The galls are astringent. The bark is astringent and bitter.
Other UsesHedge; Tannin. Very tolerant of maritime exposure, it makes a good shelter hedge in coastal gardens. Galls produced on the twigs and flowers (probably as a result of insect activity) contain up to 55% tannin. The wood has been used for fuel.
Notes: Introduced to Australia in about 1930. Salt tolerant and drought resistant. Useful as a windbreak and shade tree and its timber can be used for fence posts and firewood. Also used to stabilise sand dunes and to revegetate disturbed arid areas, a notable example occurring at Broken Hill, NSW. Now naturalised along 400 km of Finke River, NT and along Gascoyne River near Carnarvon, WA. Crowds out native vegetation. Salt excreted from leaf glands often increases surface soil salinity and eliminates less salt tolerant plants. Potentially a threat to many inland rivers.
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